As the European public sphere becomes increasingly shaped by debates surrounding Islam, this book asks whether it is possible to rethink the public sphere, conceiving of it not as a site of consensus, but as one of antagonism and confrontation. With rich case studies drawn from various sites across Europe, such as France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, Islam and Public Controversy in Europe examines a range of public controversies, including mosque construction, ritual slaughter, Sharia councils, burqa bans and love and marriage, to address the question of how cases of ‘Islamic difference’ might be addressed outside the confines of established normative discourses, which focus on freedom of religion, minority rights or multiculturalism. Acknowledging the creative role of dissent, this book explores the manner in which public controversies shed new light on understandings of aesthetics, animal rights, freedom of speech, the uniformity of secular law and modes of individual emancipation. Developing an innovative conceptual framework and elaborating the notion of controversy as a methodological tool, Islam and Public Controversy in Europe draws our attention to the processes of interaction, confrontation and mutual transformation, thereby opening up a new horizon for rethinking difference and pluralism in Europe. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in religion, integration, cultural difference and the public sphere.
Reviews: ‘Nilufer Gole and her colleagues present an incisive intervention in the considerable and growing literature on Muslims in Europe. This volume goes beyond particular instances of the participation of Muslims in public space to exploring the roles and agency of Muslims in reshaping various national public spheres as well as the evolving, and contested, processes of Europeanization. The central and constructive role of public controversy is the lens through which social life and practices are examined and the public sphere is “put to the test of democracy”.’ Seteney Shami, Social Science Research Council, USA and The Arab Council for the Social Sciences, Lebanon.
Nilüfer Göle-Ludwig Ammann (dir.) Islam in Public Turkey, Iran, and Europe, Bilgi University Press, Istanbul, 2006
The relations between Islam and the Western world are usually examined at the macro level of political regimes, terrorism, or cultural-religious differences. This book, however, privileges the analysis of micro processes by focusing upon emerging Muslim profiles and practices in public life. Different trajectories of Muslim actors who refer to religion in shaping their personal identities and public behavior are studied in three different publics, namely, secularist Turkey, post-Islamic Iran, and Europe. The authors argue that the participation of Muslim actors in public life does not represent a linear, conflict-free evolution towards modern conceptions of self and public; rather, it calls for a closer examination of new political and cultural issues raised by public claims of Muslim actors that in turn challenge the Eurocentric definitions of private-public spheres and religious-secular oppositions. Bringing researchers of Islam together with others from outside this particular field, the book poses questions regarding the definitions of self, religion, difference, and public in such a manner that it should appeal not only to specialists of Islam, but to those interested in social scientific analysis in general as well.
Nilüfer Göle et Ludwig Ammann (dir.) Islam in Sicht: Der Auftritt von Muslimen im öffentlichen Raum, Berlin, Transcript, Bielefeld, 2004.
Das « Coming-out » der Muslime im öffentlichen Raum, das ungewohnte Sichtbarwerden von Religion im säkularen Staat erregt Aufsehen. « Islam in Sicht » erhellt anhand von Fallstudien junger Forscher aus der Türkei, Iran und Europa, wie heutige islamische Bewegungen mit eigenen Cafes und Romanen, Filmen und Wanderpredigern an die Öffentlichkeit treten, Frauen mit Kopftüchern Alltagspolitik betreiben und die iranische Jugend auf der Straße gegen die Tugenddiktatur aufbegehrt. Einführende Essays der Herausgeber streiten mit Hannah Arendt für eine über Habermas hinausgehende Theorie der Öffentlichkeit und Privatheit, die auch islamischen Verhältnissen gerecht wird, Beiträge von Shmuel N. Eisenstadt und Charles Taylor runden den Band ab.
Nilüfer Göle (dir.), İslamın Yeni Kamusal Yüzleri : İslam ve Kamusal Alan Üzerine Atölye Çalışması, Metis, Istanbul, 2000
Bir atölye çalışması olan İslamın Yeni Kamusal Yüzleri, İslam’ın son yıllarda kamusal alanda kazandığı görünürlüğün getirdiği yeni ve farklı yüzleri, söylemi, yaşam biçimlerini konu alıyor. İslamın siyasal eylemi ve anonim kitle görüntüsü giderek değişiyor: Televizyon, konser salonları, plajlar, festivaller ve gönüllü kuruluşlar vb. yeni mekânlara giren, seslerini korodan ayrıştıran, tek tek yüz hatlarını görmeye başladığımız, bireyselleşen bir İslami dinamikle karşı karşıyayız. Yazarlar, farklı araştırma konularıyla işte bu bireyselleşen ve farklılaşan yüzleri okumaya çalışıyorlar.